The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite captured these images of Tropical Storm Erika just as it was getting organized in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The images were taken at 4:15 pm EDT (20:15 UTC) on the 14th of August, 2003. At the time Erika was not yet a named storm but was named less than an hour after these images were captured. Erika had maximum sustained winds of 40 mph.
Erika formed from an easterly wave disturbance after moving from the Bahamas across the Florida penisula. Over the open warm waters of the Gulf, the system began to gain strength and become better organized in a relatively low wind-shear environment. The image shows a top-down view of the
storm. Rainfall rates from the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR) (in the inner
swath) and the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) (outer swath) are overlayed
on TRMM Visible Infrared Scanner (VIRS) data (white areas).
This combination shows bands
of convection feeding into the storm. The center is open and does not yet
have a well-defined eye. The blue, green, yellow and red areas indicate
increasing rainfall intesity. At the time of this image, the storm was moving quickly to the west at 21 mph under the influence of
high pressure to the north.
TRMM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese space agency NASDA.