September marks the end of the dry season in Mozambique. Grasses and brush are at their driest, waiting for the renewal that comes when the rains start in October. This means that September is also fire season in southeastern Africa. On September 15, 2010, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this image, hundreds of fires burned throughout Mozambique.
The fires that the MODIS instrument detected are outlined in red. Most of the fires shown in this image were probably deliberately set by farmers and other land managers preparing land for the coming growing season. Low-intensity fire consumes dry grass and light brush, returning nutrients to the soil and clearing the land for new plants.
Fire can be beneficial for land management, but it also degrades air quality. In this image, fires veil the landscape in pale smoke.
The image is centered on the Zambezi River in central Mozambique. The large image extends much farther south. The large image is the highest resolution version of the image, but the image is available in additional resolutions from the MODIS Rapid Response Team.
- BBC. (2010, September 15). Weather, Country Guide for Mozambique. Accessed September 15, 2010.
- Shaffer, L. J. (2010). Indigenous fire use to manage savanna landscapes in southern Mozambique. Fire Ecology, 6 (2), 43-59.