In these true-color Terra MODIS images acquired August 17 and 18, 2002, Super Typhoon Phanfone can be seen moving towards the coast of Japan. Phanfone is the year—s 16th typhoon and the 13th since April.
Phanfone started out as a tropical depression on August 11, but by the 13th had been upgraded to typhoon status with 65 knot winds (1 knot is equal to 1.1 miles per hour) and gusts of up to 80 knots. According to the US Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Center—s Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Phanfone spaned 120 to 180 nautical miles (138 to 207 miles) as of August 19, with maximum sustained winds of 75 knots, and gusts up to 90 knots. Wave heights have reached 8.5 meters (28 ft).
Phanfone is currently expected to rapidly weaken under increasing shear from westerly winds, and is projected to continue its northeasterly movement away from Japan. Super Typhoon Phanfone reached a category 4 status on August 15th, but by Monday August 19th had been downgraded to category 1. Other super typhoons this year include category 5 Mitag, category 5 Hagibis, category 4 Chataan, category 4 Halong, and category 5 Fengshen.