Haze over Eastern China

Haze over Eastern China

Thick haze hovered over eastern China on October 20, 2012. The haze stretched from Beijing southward, covering much of the coastal plain bordering Bo Hai and the Yellow Sea. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this natural-color image the same day.

In many places, the haze was thick enough to completely hide the land or water surface below. A wide band of haze extended eastward over Bo Hai. In the west, isolated mountain peaks poked above the haze, which clogged valleys between the peaks.

Airborne particles are often measured in microns (also micrometers): one-millionth of a meter. Particles with diameters of 2.5 microns or smaller—about one-thirtieth the width of a human hair—are believed to pose the greatest health risks because they can lodge deeply in the lungs, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The U.S. Embassy in Beijing measures fine particles, known as PM2.5, and reports the measurements though the BeijingAir Twitter feed. On October 20, the same day that MODIS took this picture, reported air quality ratings ranged from “Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups” to “Hazardous.”

In addition to the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, another site, China Air Daily, provides satellite images, ground-based photos, PM2.5 readings, and other air quality readings for multiple cities in China. The ground-based photo of Beijing showed thick smog on October 20, consistent with the heavy haze in the MODIS image shown above. Developed in in response to a growing desire for more information on air quality, China Air Daily is a project of the Center on U.S.-China Relations at Asia Society.

  1. References

  2. AirNow. (2011, December 9) Air Quality Index. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  3. U.S. Embassy in Beijing. (2012, October 22) BeijingAir. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2012, July 19). Fine Particle Designations: Frequently Asked Questions. Accessed October 22, 2012.
  5. Zhu, C. (2012, October 17) A visual guide to Chinese air pollution. The Atlantic. Accessed October 23, 2012.

Images & Animations


File Dimensions

  • 720x480
  • JPEG
  • 6200x4800
  • JPEG 6 MB
  • GeoTIFF 43 MB
  • KMZ 2 KB

Note: Often times, due to the size, browsers have a difficult time opening and displaying images. If you experiece an error when clicking on an image link, please try directly downloading the image (using a right click, save as method) to view it locally.


  • Data Date:

    October 20, 2012
  • Visualization Date:

    October 22, 2012
  • Sensor(s):

    Aqua - MODIS
NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration